Process of Garden design

The Process Of Landscape Design


Landscape Design has always been an important component in the revitalisation or creation of  any great garden. We at Abben Art have created this page to take you through our Landscape design process.

The first garden consultation is generally held on site, here we assess the existing garden or site to be developed, discuss your concerns and visions then advise you on a course of action that best suits your needs. Sometimes a bit of horticultural advice is all thats needed However if we see that further steps need to be taken in say the form of a vegetation survey, general concept design or more detailed designs, then we will give you an idea of the costs involved.

1. Client Consultation


2. Site Analysis


To begin on a landscape design we will need to carry out a site survey. This involves a member of Abben Art measuring up the site and noteing phisical features such as exposure to wind and sun, soil type, drainage, impact on neighbouring properties, placement of utilities and we will nut out the basics of what landscape effect you want to create with your landscape design eg: A Formal Garden, CottageGarden, Tropical Garden, Japenese Garden, Native Garden etc:

This is the base design which will be presented, then you and the designer will discuss  if any changes or additions need to be made.Remember it is a lot easier and cheaper to do this now than when it is built! The design shows the placing of the elements that you want and their relationship with each other, but generally does not go into too much detail in case changes need to be made. This drawing is then used as the base for the final drawing, which is similar but has more detail.

3.Concept Design


4. Final Drawing


This drawing contains more detail than the concept design. It includes what exact type of materials will be used, such as paving type, what type of garden edging; what type of stone; type of grass; type of mulch etc. It will also state how these materials will be used, for instance how thick is the mulch to be spread and what will the paving be laid on. If you are going to do your own landscaping or are going to get us to project manage your landscaping then this drawing might not be necessary as these decisions will be made as you go. If, however, you are going to get quotations from various contractors, the more detail the better so that they will quote from the same specifications.

The planting plan lists what plants will be used and where. It will have a plant schedule either on the drawing or attached to it. The plant schedule lists the plants, the quantities of plants to be used and what pot sizes to use. If you are not very knowledgeable about plants it is very wise to get a plan done as the planting is generally what really makes the garden. A well designed planting layout will not only look good, but should satisfy your needs in terms of water usage, maintenance requirements and lifestyle choices.

5. Planting Plan

Further drawings

There are a number of other drawings that might be needed by regulations such as engineers drawings for retaining walls as well as other drawings such as elevations and perspectives in order to make the drawings easier to understand

Construction Drawings:


If you are going to need retaining walls that are more than 1m high, then you need to get an engineer to draw up and specify the construction method. Retaining walls can be the most expensive part of a garden and the last thing you need is to have it fall down on you. I was working on a project in the North East of Melbourne many years ago and saw a retaining wall of about 3 meters high being constructed in a way that was obviously not engineered. I had a bet with my colleagues that it would not last 6 months. It lasted 3 weeks before starting to fall over!
You also might need construction drawings for buildings and structures you are putting on your property, check with your local council.
Construction drawings also help with the tendering process, so it is clear to all contractors how you expect the different aspects to be constructed.

Other projections include:
Elevations. These are drawings as if seen from the side, but contain no perspective in that objects do not get smaller the further away they are.

These drawings show the design as if it were seen by us, in that objects get smaller in the distance. The picture below shows a perspective drawing by one of my students.


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